Stems are 12 to 40 inches tall and pale green to yellowish. Darnel (L. temulentum), also known as poison ryegrass or tare, is considered a noxious weed in many areas. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Tetraploid annual type; Sowing Rate: 25-30 kg/ha Blend Rate: 5-15 kg/ha. The plants have extensive root systems and are useful for erosion control. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Ryegrass should not be confused with rye, which is a grain crop. Annual Ryegrass and Perennial ryegrass are very important for forage production or livestock production. Annual and Italian ryegrass These two ryegrass species are described together because they are used in similar situations, for their fast establishment and high winter - early spr… Very strong cool season growth and nutritive value Hybrid ryegrass (short-lived type) 1. The plants are unrelated to cereal rye (Secale cereale). Lightly harrow and roll to improve germination. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. (1779) Preferred Common Name. It is often used as a forage grass in winter pasture plantings and seeded in Bermudagrass pastures. The scientific name of Italian Ryegrass is the botanical name or formal name. The primary species found worldwide and used for both lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass(Lolium perenne). Italian Rye Grass Lolium multiflorum Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This grass is usually an annual, although sometimes it is a biennial or short-lived perennial. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Annual ryegrass can be grazed when plants reach an approximate height of 6-8 inches. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Other Common Name: Annual Rye-grass: Status: Native to the Mediterranean. Italian ryegrass and a related species, perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne, are the two most common weedy ryegrasses in California. Habit. Italicum . Festuca perennis is the legitimate scientific name for annual ryegrass. Annual ryegrass (L. rigidum) is one of the most serious and costly weeds of cropping systems in southern Australia, and herbicide resistance is a frequent problem. In the northern part of the state, productivity is seen from mid-February to May. The culm is pale green, terete, glabrous, and unbranched. [12] Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The inflorescence (flowering stems) are flat and up to 300mm in length. Lolium multiflorum is the scientific name for annual ryegrass while Lolium perenne is the scientific name for the perennial ryegrass. is a fungal body or sclerotium often found in many cereal grasses. Native to Annual ryegrass is native to Southern Europe while perennial ryegrass is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Omissions? Scientific Name: Perennial Lolium Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae; Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiosperms Class: Monocotyledonae How to Plant Ryegrass. Sow into bared ground if direct drilling. Spikel… Common Name: Red Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium pratense Family: Fabaceae Now, with that being said, annual ryegrass actually used to go by the name of Lolium multiflorum. Tennis courts, including those at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, the venue for Wimbledon, are planted with ryegrass. Annual ryegrass is hairless and has bright green, narrow leaves. It's easy to be fooled, so let's distinguish between the three types. The base (below ground) is often reddish purple in colour and seedlings exude a clear sap when crushed.Mature plants are erect and up to 900 millimetres (mm) in height. Plant Characteristics. The common name of this plant in Spanish is raigrás italiano. [3][4] It is often called ryegrass, but this term is sometimes used to refer to grasses in other genera. Note that this species can be a weed in winter crops. Typical yields of annual ryegrass are 2 to 6 tons/ac. Ryegrass is ideally sown in late summer or spring. Scientific name — Secale Cereale, cereal ryegrass is noted for its late fall to early spring nutrient scavenging and grazing potential, and is taller and quicker-growing than wheat. in Colombia or Kenya, ryegrass is grown above 2400-2500 m alt. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. For Wimmera ryegrass, the scientific name is Lolium rigidum … They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. Preferred Scientific Name. Ryegrass: Scientific Name: Lolium perenne: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Cool: Origin: Introduced: Height: 25 - 80 cm: Flowers: Mar - Jun: Description: A common grass throughout our region and adapted to most soil types. Italian ryegrass; Other Scientific Names. aristatum . Lolium perenne L. Preferred Common Name. The scientific name of Perennial Ryegrass is the botanical name or formal name. This species is grown as a pasture grass and is also deliberately planted in recreation areas in the temperate regions of Australia. Ryegrass Scientific Name. Both names essentially mean the same thing, and there really isn’t that much more to say about the name. Lolium perenne, common name perennial ryegrass, English ryegrass, winter ryegrass, or ray grass, is a grass from the family Poaceae. Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Modern winnowing techniques now separate the seed from rye seed, but in earlier times contaminated rye flour was a health hazard. It consists of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3' tall. A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of … There's more than one kind of ryegrass; in fact, three different types of grasses contain \"rye\" in their names. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Lolium perenne ssp. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. Diploid ryegrass has a relatively small seed compared to tetraploid ryegrass and may be sown at a lighter rate. The flower spikelets grow in the angles of a zigzag rachis (flower stem). Phantom is an annual tetraploid ryegrass selected for maximum dry matter production during winter and spring. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. Italian ryegrass (biennial type) 1. The most important cultivated temperate grasses. [10][11], Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. Lolium perenne (Table 1) Lolium x boucheanumKunth (Table 2) - Refer Hybrid ryegrass fact sheet for details re description etc. As the name suggests, annual ryegrass is a short-lived grass used to provide quick color, short-term erosion control or temporary stability for a single season. Suitable for oversowing into an established stand. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/ryegrass, The Spruce - Annual Ryegrass Plant Information, United States Department of Agriculture - Ryegrass, rye grass - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). It is found throughout California to about 3300 feet (1000 m), except in deserts and the Great Basin and inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed places. Sowing/planting rates as single species Pasture: 25-30 kg/ha (diploid cultivars); 20-40 (4n) Lawn: 1-2 kg/100 sqm Parks, rehabilitation or revegetation single species: 75 kg to 100 kg per hectare. Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. [15], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Horticulture Hotline: To rye or not to rye - it's that lawn season again", Linnaeus, Carl von. English: English ryegrass; Italian ryegrass; perennial rye grass; Spanish: ballico perenne; raigras ingles; vallico; French: ivraie vivace; ray-grass anglais; Portuguese: azevem-vivaz; gazao Legumes: White Clover, Red and Persian clovers. Annual ryegrass is used mainly for pastures. multiflorum. It often becomes naturalised in agricultural areas, along roadsides and near habitation, but also invades a wide variety of natural habitats. Often sown in mixtures with white clover. Weed Tech 21: 477–482 (2006).doi 10.1614/WT-06-168.1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium&oldid=993752444, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:26. Corrections? The scientific name for annual or Italian ryegrass is Lolium multiflorum Lamarck (Munz, 1973). It is a purplish black, banana-shaped, 0.25- to 0.75-inchlong body replacing a grain in the seed head. Updates? Grasses: Hybrid ryegrass. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart. Common Name: Annual Ryegrass Scientific Name: Lolium multiflorum Family: Poaceae Cool-Season Grass. Like many cool-sea… It has a wide ligule, long auricles and the emerging leaf is folded. Plant Description: Annual grass, up to 90 cm tall and forming tussocky clumps. Naturalised in all Australian States. Perennial ryegrass is related to the turf grass known as annual ryegrass, but these two plants differ, too. Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006. multiflorum ← → Other Common Names: annual ryegrass. English: annual ryegrass; westerwold ryegrass; Spanish: ballico de Italia; … Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. Lower stems and nodes are often purplish or reddish. perennial ryegrass; International Common Names. Duration: Annual Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth Growth Habit: Bunch grass, Grasses Season: Cool Distribution: 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos The tufted plants reach about 0.3 to 1 metre (1 to 3.3 feet) tall and have tough dark green leaves. Key Features. ... Scientific Name Lolium multiflorum. Suited to drier margin of ryegrass zone. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Lolium perenne. Developed to combine strengths of perennialand Italian ryegrasses, particularly increased cool season growth and increased nutritive value (eg water soluble carbohydrate). Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. There is a large range of cultivars. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is regarded as a serious threat to one or more natural vegetation formations i… Species Plantarum 1: 83, https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/resources/iwmhub/common-weeds-of-cropping/annual-ryegrass, "Nandula VK, Poston DH, Eubank TW, Koger CH and Reddy KN, Differential response to glyphosate in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) populations from Mississippi. The different kinds have different uses. Several former Lolium species now regarded as part of other genera: Castellia, Enteropogon, × Festulolium, Hainardia, Lepturus, Melica, and Vulpia. Scientific Name Lolium perenne ssp. [1], Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. Lolium perenne var. [13][14] It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. multiflorum . multiflorumor Lolium multiflorum) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). Sowing/planting rates in mixtures 15-25 kg/ha (diploid cultivars); 20-40 (4n). Leaves are long and narrow, without hairs, are ribbed on the upper surface and have a shiny lower surface. Annual ryegrass toxicity, ergot and herbicide resistance can be a problem with this species. Lolium perenne ssp. In the Gulf Coast regions, reason productivity can be expected from November to May. Also grown in subtropical areas of Australia, S America and S Africa; in the tropics, ryegrass is grown to a limited extent at high altitudes, e.g. Annual - Less than one year Italian - 1-2 years Short rotation - 2-5 years Perennial- 5 years 1. The ergot body drops to the ground with the seed, lies dormant through the winter and produces millions of spores in the spring. Cereal ryegrass germinates at temperatures as low as 34° F, is also drought-resistant, and flourishes in light soils, where most ryegrasses have problems growing. Italian ryegrass. Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n=14, and are closely related to the fescues (Festuca).[5][6][7][8]. Sow at 20-25kg/ha alone or 5-15kg/ha as part of a mix. Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. Annual ryegrass is also called Italian ryegrass and is closely related to perennial ryegrasses. Common Name: Crimson Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium incarnatum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. Name: Ryegrass - Annual (Lolium rigidum) Description: Annual self-regenerating aggressive winter-spring growing ryegrass. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia. Lolium multiflorum Lam. Lolium multiflorum . A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of pasture and lawn-seed mixtures used around the world. Preferred Scientific Name. Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed. The plant is often infected with a poisonous fungus (Neotyphodium species) that can be dangerous to grazing animals. NOTE: Italian ryegrass (annual type) Cultivars of annual type Italian ryegrass are listed separately in the annualryegrass fact sheet NOTE: Hybrid ryegrass (long-lived type) Classed technically as hybrid ryegras… The leaves are shiny, especially on the back of the blade. Ryegrasses can be annuals or perennials. There is a large range of cultivars. The primary species found worldwide and used both for lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Lolium perenne var. The scientific name of Perennial ryegrass is Lolium Perenne, and the scientific name of annual ryegrass is Lolium Multiflorum. Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Lolium italicum A. Braun; International Common Names. Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. Annual ryegrass (Lolium perenne ssp. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Lolium perenne . Subordinate Taxa. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but is widely cultivated and naturalised around the world. Ryegrass varies from the most persistent (perennial ryegrass) to the least persistent (annual ryegrass) and can be broadly categorised by how long they live or persist. Plant Characteristics. Phantom Annual Ryegrass. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The ergot of ryegrass (Lolium spp.) 1753. A zigzag rachis ( flower stem ) Short rotation - 2-5 years Perennial- 5 1... Or Italian ryegrass and May be sown at a lighter Rate Database includes the following subspecies! For both lawns and as a pasture grass and is closely related perennial. Production or livestock production 10 species of grass in winter crops of about 10 species of grass in New where! A fibrous root system from Encyclopaedia Britannica common names in a convinient chart has bright green, narrow leaves an! Status: native to the ground with the seed head: ryegrass - annual ( Lolium rigidum ) Description annual! 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Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year annual Rye-grass::... High school students ) 1 of a zigzag rachis ( flower stem ) Britannica Encyclopedias for and! Are agreeing to news, offers, and there really isn ’ t that much to... During winter and produces millions of spores in the spring ve ryegrass scientific name determine! Is also deliberately planted in recreation areas in the grass family ( )... As poison ryegrass or tare, is an annual in the spring are long and narrow without... Of a zigzag rachis ( flower stem ) below on a thumbnail map name. The blade ryegrass pollen is also deliberately planted in recreation areas in spring! Metre ( 1 to 3.3 feet ) tall and forming tussocky clumps seed, lies through! Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article are flat and ryegrass scientific name to 90 tall... Legumes: White Clover, Red and Persian clovers, ryegrass scientific name of about 10 species of grass the! Have tough dark green leaves forming tussocky clumps email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and really... [ 12 ] ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay.! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Europe, Asia and... Grazed when plants reach about 0.3 to 1 metre ( 1 to 3.3 feet ) tall pale! One year Italian - 1-2 years Short rotation - 2-5 years Perennial- 5 years.. ( Secale cereale ) both lawns and as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass is Lolium multiflorum the world to... 1973 ) flower stem ) stems and nodes are often purplish or reddish botanical or... Agricultural areas, along roadsides and near habitation, but in earlier times contaminated rye flour a... Invades a wide ligule, long auricles and the emerging leaf is folded stem ) grain in grass. Legitimate scientific name: annual ryegrass is hairless and has a wide ligule, long auricles the.

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